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The classic path development

Chemistry studies the structure, and the chemical and physical properties of substances. Chemical properties in substances imply the ability of substances to enter into chemical reactions. During its development, chemistry has gone through several stages, each stage leading to a deeper understanding of the phenomena studied by chemistry.

At the beginning of the 19th century, the scientific foundation of chemistry was created with the atomic-molecular theory of the structure and transformation of chemical substances. This theory determined that chemical substances (molecules) consist of atoms bonded together by chemical bonds. Alexander  Butlerov developed the structural theory of  organic substances that explain the structure of organic compounds. The rules of Lewis and resonance made it possible to predict the structure of both organic and inorganic compounds.

Questions concerning the physical nature of chemical bonds, however remained unclear: Why is it that two electrons (one from each atom) and not one or three take part in the formation of the bond?  Why is it that atoms taking part in chemical bonding strive to build their shells to the level of those of inert (noble) gas? Why are there exceptions to this rule? Etc.

In the 1930's the traditional development of chemistry was replaced by another trend - quantum chemistry. Quantum chemistry did  not manage to answer the questions mentioned above. Therefore, beginning in the 1980s, a group of scientists led by Victor Gankin has continued the classical development of chemistry and deepened understanding of the physical principals of chemical phenomena: the formation of chemical bonds, the course of chemical reactions and catalysis. The results achieved during 15-20 years of work have led to the founding of this institute. 

   

The Institute of Theoretical Chemistry (ITC),  a scientific research institution founded in 1995,  defined its mission to be  the continuation of  the development of classical theoretical chemistry. 

 Yuriy V. Gankin  (left) and  Victor Y. Gankin (resume >>)

We are sure that on this website you will find lucid and compelling answers to these questions which have long concerned chemists: 

- How is a chemical reaction formed?
- Are there intranuclear forces?
- How do chemical reactions developed?
- What is catalysis?