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TWENTY FIRST CENTURY. GENERAL  CHEMISTRY  

* indicates level I, student level

** indicates level II, teacher level

*** indicates level III, advanced level



Preface  6

Twenty First Century GENERAL  CHEMISTRY 

  (Introductory Level) 

43
1 Aim of Chemistry as a Science 43
2 Depth of Knowledge 45
3 General Chemistry 47
3.1  Atomic Structure 49
4 Molecules 58
5 How Chemical Reactions Proceed 66
5 ** Atomic Structure II 69
5.1 Brief History; The Hydrogen Atom 69
5.2** Helium-Like Atoms 74
Conclusion 78
6** Molecule Structure 79
6.1 The Hydrogen Molecule 79
Conclusion 95
6.2** Molecules Formed of Multi-Electron Atoms 97
6.3** Ionization Energy of Multi-Electron Atoms 98
6.4** Chemical Bonding Energy   103
6.5 Bond Lengths 137
Conclusion 148
6.6**  The Donor-Acceptor Bond (DAB 150
6.7 The Van der Waals Bond (VWB) 154
6.8 Dynamic Bond 155
Conclusion 169
7** Chemical Bonds in Solid Bodies 173
8*** Three-Dimensional Structures of Chemical Compounds  187
9** Chemical Reactions 193
10** Catalysis 216
11** Physical and Chemical Properties of Substances 229
11.1 Physical and Chemical Properties of Substances 229
11.2 Chemical   Properties of Substances 239
APPENDIX  A
12** Another Variant of Interpreting Chemical  Bonding 246
13***

Qualitative Evaluation of Electron's Energy Decrease During Chemical Bond Formation in HMolecule

255
14*** Quantitative Evaluation of the Same 262
14.1 Models and Mathematical Equations 262
15 Valence 281
16 Electronic Transition Reactions 291
APPENDIX  B

Copy of the Summary Published in Our Book: How Chemical Bonds Form and Chemical Reactions Proceed

299
Summary: Theory of Chemical Bonding and Structure 299
Theory of Chemical Reactions 305

Example Questions Concerning Chemical Bonding and Chemical Reactions


316
Proof of the Correctness of Our Chemical Bonding Theory 321
What is Our Chemical Bonding Theory Based on? 321
Experimental Proofs of Decrease in Electrons' Entropies 324
Valuable Scientific Precepts 326
APPENDIX  C
Theory of Metallic Bonding 330
Theory of electrical conductivity 345
Semi-quantitative modeling of electrical conductivity in metals and non-metals 355